Regulations and Governing Agencies related to Export Control

Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security
Export Administration Regulations (EAR)
EAR controls items that have both a commercial and potential military use.  Examples are computers, lasers and pathogens.  EAR covers “deemed exports”.  The Department of Commerce also administers lists of individuals or organizations denied or debarred from export transactions or that may require a license for export.

Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
ITAR controls military items and defense services.  Examples are firearms, military equipment, toxicological agents and biological agents and associated equipment.

Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control
OFAC sanction programs
OFAC enforces economic and trade sanctions that have been imposed upon specific countries based on reasons of foreign policy, national security, or international agreements.  OFAC also enforces sanctions against individuals and organizations considered to be threats to national security, foreign policy, or economy of the United States.

U.S. Munitions List (PDF, 7 MB)

National Security Decision Directive 189

DOD Memorandum of June 26, 2008 regarding Fundamental Research

Link to Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) for access to:

  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission 10 CFR §110
  • Export Administration Regulations (EAR) 15 CFR §§734-774
  • International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) 22 CFR §§120-130
  • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms 27 CFR §444-555
  • Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) 31 CFR §§500-599
  • Office of Patents and Trademarks (PTO) 37 CFR §5